Avoid waste and increase soil biodiversity and fertility.
Permaculture and agroecology
The hectare of land is divided into different ecological niches, the production niches are divided into market gardens, seasonal gardens and small orchards intended for the grazing of laying hens.
The niches are separated by edible hedges (fruit, berries, small fruits and herbs) which have the function of windbreak and biological control of the crops. This land design allows for a significant increase in the surrounding biodiversity. This creates a very efficient biological balance, which allows us to avoid the use of any type of phytosanitary treatment.
The hens graze in the orchards, fertilizing them and protecting from parasites as well.
Great attention is paid to the research and development of innovative agronomic techniques, technologies and manual tools. These tools avoid the use of fossil fuels and allow superficial and therefore minimally invasive soil tillage, with the function of increasing fertility. In this way, compaction and runoff are avoided, while oxygenation, permeability and water reserves are increased.
They are efficient, precise, fast and easy to use and transport, and require very little maintenance. The only motorized tools are intended for cutting grass and only for the creation of new gardens.
It is a business management method aimed at commercial production, which is based on the real value attributed by the customer to the product, and on the conversion of waste into resources.
The focus is on the design of spaces, infrastructures, their mutual interaction and the human factor, thus creating working procedures and functional workflows.
Intelligent farm planning and management means reducing stress, physical fatigue, working hours, waste and costs.
Why "Fattoria sinergica” (synergistic farm)?
Each element is in constant synergy with the ecosystem that surrounds it,
who receives most of the substances he needs
directly from the habitat in which it is located and from the mutual interaction with it.
Sqm of market gardens
Varieties of vegetables grown
Kg of vegetables produced
Liters of fuel consumed
Hand tools used
Monitoring of main endemic species
From 2015 to the present day, we have been observing and cataloguing the main endemic species present, whether they are harmful or useful for biological control.
The analysis parameter is carried out by analyzing the entire area of the farm (excluding forests). Once the total calculation has been completed, a statistic is carried out in percentage of the species measured per square metre.
Example of reading the graphs:
There was an increase in the number of amphibians present (mostly toads): initially in 2015 it was 5% and then increased by 30% in 2019.
During the same period, there was a clear reduction in red snails present on the horticultural surface: from 80% in 2015 to 30% in 2019.
It can be deduced that the increase of toads on the farm, being these large predators of gastropods, has led to a significant decrease in red snails in the gardens.
Cultivated area subdivision
It shows the diversification of agricultural production and consequently of the biodiversity present on the farm. The variety of the existing environments allows to host different living species. Many environments are present on the same area, developed on several vertical levels.
Within the farm, "biological corridors" have been created to connect each single cultivated area and to allow plants, insects and small wild animals to cross the entire farm surface.
Fertile Soil Layer
Data collected only in the market gardens, where soil friendly agronomic methods have been applied along with only surface tillage: since 2015 no ploughing, tilling, spading or hoeing has been carried out. Oxygen has always been supplied by using broadorks and the grenilette. The soil has been occulted in rotation during the winter months.
The data were recorded taking as reference the highest horizon of the soil, which hosts humus*, dark or black in color, crossed by the first roots of the plants, soft, suitable for hosting mycorrhiza and most of the useful insects, nematodes, earthworms, etc..
* “In soil science, humus […] denominates the fraction of soil organic matter that is amorphous and without the "cellular cake structure characteristic of plants, micro-organisms or animals". Humus significantly affects the bulk density of soil and contributes to its retention of moisture and nutrients. […]” (Wikipedia.org, humus)